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Call for Papers: Character Assassination, Reputation, and Social Judgement

Published in Latest Posts by Sergei Samoilenko on March 4, 2019

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Special Issue of the Journal of Applied Social Thery: Character Assassination, Reputation, and Social Judgement

Guest Editor: Sergei A. Samoilenko, George Mason University, U.S.

Proposal Submission Deadline: April 12th , 2019

In recent years, the issue of character assassination (CA) gained prominence mainly due to public interest to issues concerning incivility and the frequent use of aggressive communication by political actors following the 2016 U.S. presidential election. Character assassination refers to the use of personal attack or another form of symbolic offense designed to reduce the credibility of the target or undermine his/her reputation in the evaluation of some third party audience. Essentially, character assassination is a communication process and an act of persuasion in which the attacker attempts to influence public opinion who plays the role of the judge or the evaluator of the target’s quality of character. The view of character assassination as an outcome is primarily concerned with the effectiveness of character attacks and the assessment of persuasive effects of negative engagement. The academic community has been working on this notion since years, preceding the boom of CA use by media and public figures, but this research never reached a broader public and in particular was never translated into a social theory debate.

The traditional sociopsychological approach to CA stems from experimental persuasion studies and attitude theories (Festinger, 1957; Fishbein and Ajzen, 1975; Hovland, Janis and Kelley, 1953; Sherif and Hovland, 1961) that aim to explain how personality traits determine communication behavior,  how individuals plan message strategies, and how receivers process and react to message information. However, the purpose of this special issue is to broaden our understanding of CA as a sociocultural phenomenon and discuss it from other social theory perspectives. The concept of “character assassination” refers to both the process (e.g., a political smear campaign), and the outcome (e.g., the effects of this campaign). CA is a social process in which communication of participants  is defined by the issues coming from social interaction, such as competition, cooperation, or conflict. In is equally obvious that social conduct is determined to a large extent by the relations between individuals and the groups to which they belongs as well as the socially shared regularities of intergroup conduct. Thus, CA becomes integrated into structure and later routinised and reproduced by social becoming systemic norms.

Suggested Topics:

  • Face, impression management and stigma (Goffman);
  • CA as duality of structure (Giddens)
  • Ideology (Althusser)
  • Power and governmentality (Foucault)
  • Intercultural differences of CA practices Hofstede
  • Hegemony, resistance and subversion (Gramsci)
  • Propaganda (Ellul)
  • Field struggles and symbolic capital (Bourdieu)
  • CA as symbolic and structural violence

 

Abstract. Up to 250 words; should briefly specify (1) the purpose of the submission, (2) the approach/design/methodology used, (3) the main contribution of the submission. Please submit to the Special Issue Guest Editor, Sergei A. Samoilenko (ssamoyle@gmu.edu). If you have any other ideas for papers in the area of character assassination and social theory which do not fit any of the above topics, then you may wish to email the Guest Editor to discuss your ideas further.

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Sergei works in the Communication Faculty at George Mason University. His research focuses on issues in crisis communication, structuration, and reputation management. Samoilenko is a founding member of CARP, the Research Lab for Character Assassination and Reputation Politics, based at George Mason University, Virginia. He is also one of the editors of the forthcoming Routledge Handbook for Character Assassination and Reputation Management. Sergei actively contributes to the development of communication education internationally. He is the past president of the Eurasian Communication Association of North America (ECANA) established to facilitate former Soviet Union-related communication research, education and its practical social application in Russia and the US, and promote joint projects between scholars from Russia, CIS and Baltic states and their North American counterparts. Selected Publications Samoilenko, S.A. (2018). Subversion practices: From coercion to attraction. In E.J. Bridgen, & D. Verčič, D. (Eds.), Experiencing Public Relations: International voices (pp. 174-193). Routledge, London, UK. Samoilenko, S.A., Erzikova, E., Davydov, S., & Laskin, A.V. (2017). Different media, same messages: Character assassination in the television news during the 2014 Ukrainian crisis. International Communication Research Journal, 52(2), 31-55. Samoilenko, S.A., & Erzikova, E. (2017). Media, political advertising and election campaigning in Russia. In C. Holtz-Bacha and M.Just (Eds.), Handbook of Political Advertising (pp. 253-268). Routledge, London, UK. Samoilenko, S. A., & Simons, G. (2017). The effects of social media in the context of public sphere insularity in Russia. In F. Roumate & A. La Rosa (Eds.), Civil Society and Democracy in the Age of Social Media. Institut International de la Recherche Scientifique. Samoilenko, S. A. (2016). Crisis management and communication research in Russia. In A. Schwarz, M. Seeger, & C. Auer (Eds.), The Handbook of International Crisis Communication Research (pp. 399-409). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley-Blackwell. Sergei A. Samoilenko George Mason University: http://communication.gmu.edu/people/ssamoyle Academia: https://gmu.academia.edu/SergeiSamoilenko The Lab for Character Assassination and Reputation Politics (CARP): http://communication.gmu.edu/research-and-centers/carp